Inset of the eastern Arctic. The map was engraved by D'Anville's brother Hubert-François, who was commonly known as Gravelot and the cartouche by Thomas Major, an English engraver who spent the early years of his career in France.
The original cartography was based on maps from c.1713. It remained unchanged through it's various printings and states (as late as 1784) giving it a somewhat dated look as compared to other maps published of the area during the same time period.
Scull and Heap's map was originally published in Philadelphia in 1752 by Nicolas Scull. Scull was the first member of an American family to engage in cartography as a business. Apart from his map of Philadelphia, he is also well known for his general map of the province of Pennsylvania, the first of the province to be printed on the North American continent. As a guide, in the lower right hand quadrant there is placed a table of The Distances of particular Places, in this Map; from the Court Houfe. Take note of the entry Merion Meeting N.W. which is identified as being located at 7 miles and 5 furlongs (a surveyors furlong is equal to 660 feet in length). The table of distances below the cartouche has been deleted and new names and roads added. An English map displaying Philadelphia and surrounding area. The city proper is generalized into a street grid, while surrounding farms are labelled by family. A cannon battery resides just south of the city at the entrance of the shipping channel of the Delaware River.
This Revolutionary War map was based on the chart Joshua Fisher made of Delaware Bay in 1756. The Fisher map is considered an important map of the bay and river in the eighteenth century. Joshua Fisher's early chart of Delaware Bay from the Sea-Coast to Reedy-Island was published during the French & Indian War, and was immediately suppressed by the Assembly, fearing that its falling into enemy hands would make Philadelphia a target of the French navy. Identifies the ship channels from Cape May and Cape James up the Delaware River past Salem Mass. Wilmington, Newcastle, and Chester to the small town of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The accompanying text includes an article updating the British public on the war in the colonies. It shows the bay and beyond to Philadelphia complete with place names and the location of navigation hazards along the waterway. Locates Cape May, Turtle Gut Inlet, Cape James, Egg Island, Salem, and much more. Two distance scales and the direction rose with fleur-de-lis orients north to the right. A large discolouration permeates the majority of the map element.
Covers from Maine to South Carolina and west to Lake Michigan. Relief shown pictorially. Title enclosed in simple double-lined box. A map of English colonies in America before the Revolutionary War. Some English names are present before they were later changed in favour of more nationalistic ones. Lake Michigan is considerably smaller in this map, and its connection to Lake Huron is more than 300 km to the north of where the map places it.
Covers New York and areas of New England, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia and other states reaching to the Mississippi River. Identifies Indian Nations. A map of British American Plantations extending from Boston in New England to Georgia, including all the black settlements in the provinces as far as the Mississippi. Elaborate cartouche depicting a monkey, slaves and child, native people, arrow embedded in a head.
According to Burden (230) this is the earliest map to show the correct north-south orientation of Lake Champlain and to represent Prince Edward Island accurately. It is considered one of the most important maps of the region of the early 17th century. It is interesting to note the different languages used: the cartouche is Latin, most place names are French and the cardinal points in the margin, Dutch.
This map was apparently copied from Morse's American Geography. However because there are no notes on the map and the north eastern boundary between the United States and British North America (specifically New Brunswick and Quebec) had been under negotiation at various times since 1783 we can't determine which edition of American Geography it was copied from. The topic of the north eastern boundary would have been of interest at this time as it was finally resolved in 1842.
There are several interesting notes on the founding of the various English settlements covered by the map. The accompanying magazine article points out that the purpose of the map is illustrate the "just" claims of Great Britain and the "encroachments" of the French.
It's interesting that a map purporting to show treaty boundaries shows no boundaries between the states, but it's clearly representative of the time the map was made; the very first instance of this map by John Purcell was drawn circa 1788.