Surveyed to support enforcement of fishing rights as outlined in the Treaty of Paris (1763), Cook and Lane's survey of Newfoundland took 3 years. This work and the resulting map established Cook's reputation and directly led to his command appointment of the Endeavour and subsequent South Pacific expeditions for which he is most famously known.
A nautical chart in color of the St. Lawrence River separated into two parts from Lake Ontario to Quebec City (top left) and Quebec City to Anticosti Island. Four inset maps of: the Seven Islands, St. Nicholas or English Harbor, Tadousac, and the South Channel of Orleans Island are included. Mountains are depicted pictorially and are shown as side profiles to be easily identifiable while sailing. An explanation of additional map features is provided at the top middle of the map.
According to Skelton & Tooley (#13) the imprint is indicative of the 1st state of the North American Pilot. While several maps in the North American Pilot were previously published, the Chaleur Bay map was not. Notes underwater features and fishing banks.
Land features are almost completely devoid of topography or relief; coastline augmented with hachures. Depth is shown by soundings. Handwritten on verso: "Map No. 9 from: Pilote Américain Septentrionale pour Les Côtes de Labrador, Nlle Ecosse, Nlle Angleterre, New York, Pensylvanie, Maryland, Virginia, Les I. Caroline et Floride . . .A Paris Chez Le Rouge 1778. Stevenson & Stile . Cat . New Series No. 23 (40A)."
This is the first map to accurately depict the Blue Ridge Mountains and the first to lay down the colonial road system of Virginia. A great number of plantations are located and include the family names of the Virginia plantation owners of the period. The cartouche, showing a tobacco warehouse and wharf, is one of the earliest printed images of the Virginia tobacco trade. The original survey was conducted in 1750 and published in 1751. It was updated in 1755 to incorporate information from the journals of John Dalrymple and Christopher Gist.
Maps of the city and fort of Louisburg from 1745 and the Harbour of Louisburg with inset of Gabarus Bay during the 1758 siege by the British. The maps show British battle positions, details of the French fortifications and information on the outcome. Having such a detailed plan of the Fortress was no doubt of great use to the British as Louisbourg fell to them for the final time in 1758.
Copper plate engraving with original outline colour, with insets of the Gulf of St. Laurence and a "List of Lots and Proprietors Names". The map provides a finely detailed treatment of the island and environs, including a list of 67 lots and the proprietors of each lot, including Samuel Holland himself (Lot 28). Many other important early names are included in the list, including Guy Carleton (then provincial Governor of Canada).