Surveyed to support enforcement of fishing rights as outlined in the Treaty of Paris (1763), Cook and Lane's survey of Newfoundland took 3 years. This work and the resulting map established Cook's reputation and directly led to his command appointment of the Endeavour and subsequent South Pacific expeditions for which he is most famously known.
A nautical chart in color of the St. Lawrence River separated into two parts from Lake Ontario to Quebec City (top left) and Quebec City to Anticosti Island. Four inset maps of: the Seven Islands, St. Nicholas or English Harbor, Tadousac, and the South Channel of Orleans Island are included. Mountains are depicted pictorially and are shown as side profiles to be easily identifiable while sailing. An explanation of additional map features is provided at the top middle of the map.
According to Skelton & Tooley (#13) the imprint is indicative of the 1st state of the North American Pilot. While several maps in the North American Pilot were previously published, the Chaleur Bay map was not. Notes underwater features and fishing banks.