PLAN of St. Philip's Castle, in the Island of Minorca
A large scale woodcut (somewhat larger than usual) plan of St. Phillip's Castle (Castell de Sant Felip) guarding the strategically important harbour at Minorca before its famous loss to the French in 1756. On the 29th April 1756, a French force under the command of the Duke de Richelieu landed on the island and besieged the British garrison at St. Philip's Castle, forcing them to surrender after a lengthy siege. A British relief force under Admiral John Byng sailed with the purpose of saving the island, but after the naval Battle of Minorca Byng withdrew to Gibraltar, and the resistance of the garrison finally collapsed. Byng was later blamed for the loss of Minorca, and executed by firing squad. The accompanying legend on page 281 describes the forts features; counter-guards, ravelins, and lunettes are all features of Vauban style fortifications that were common at the time. An impressive amount of detailed linework used to convey the structure of the castle and environs
No scale bar or graticule are present; coordinates and scale were obtained via georeferencing. The dimensions of the plan are quite accurate, and georeference very well.
1 plan ; 12 x 19 cm
4.297; 4.310; 39.862; 39.871
W. K. Morrison Special Collection
v. 18 June 1756, pg. 280
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