This map contains elements from previous maps; most specifically, the cartouche is copied from De Vaugondy's 1755 map of Canada. The map is hand coloured with the colours showing the British and French possessions of the area covered. The atlas this map is from was published between 1776 and 1784. Sources consulted do not specify which printing this map is from although as the 1st state it was earlier, rather than later in this period.
Different sources have different publication dates for this atlas. The Library of Congress uses information from the supplementary index to date it to 1843. This is a fine steel engraving typical of Archer's work.
There are several interesting notes on the founding of the various English settlements covered by the map. The accompanying magazine article points out that the purpose of the map is illustrate the "just" claims of Great Britain and the "encroachments" of the French.
The map includes numerous notations giving the reader some historical and environmental context. Examples of these are: "The climate of this land is a great deal more temperate than Hudsons Bay" for an area in western Ontario north of the Lake of the Woods and "Christian Sea discovered by Jn Monk in 1619" on Baffin Bay.
This map presents an early example of a common issue with atlas maps of the 19th century: once the map has been detached from the atlas, it can be every difficult to determine which atlas it actually came from because plates were resold and re-purposed extensively. In this case there seem to be only 2 choices: the ca.1831 Edinburgh geographical and historical atlas published by Daniel Lizar and the ca.1842 Lizars' Edinburgh geographical general atlas published by William H. Lizars (Daniel's son). According to Phillips (761, 782) the plate numbers are even the same. Walter was certain this was the 1842 version and this is likely the case as the outline colour of our map differs from the outline colour of the 1831 map available on the David Rumsey web site.
Relief shown by hachures. The map shows a river connection between Slave Lake and the Pacific through Cook's River. This was a theory expounded by Pond. With first two pages of text, pp 197, 198, from Gentleman's Magazine, titled: "Description of the Country from Lake Superior to Cook's River. Extract of a Letter from someone of Quebec, to a Friend in London. This intriguing map is based on the map and report by Peter Pond in 1787. The map traces the route from Lake Superior to Lake Winnipeg and then through an interconnected chain of lakes and rivers to Arabaska Lake and Slave Lake. The most interesting feature is the speculative river flowing out of Slave Lake, over "falls said to be the largest in the known world," and emptying into Cook Inlet in Alaska, a remarkable journey considering the topography. Pond's map influenced Alexander Mackenzie's quest to find the Northwest Passage in his famous expedition in the region.
A map of a large swath of land from present day Québec down to Boston during the 7 years war, presumably before the fall of Québec city. Title in scrollwork cartouche at center top. Extends to below Boston and west to include Lake Ontario. Details in text starting at page 223. Historical place names and border delineations abound before the changes brought about by the Treaties of Paris in 1763 and 1783. The map's extent should include the eastern shore of Georgian Bay, Lake Huron, and Lake Simcoe but do not.
A hand-coloured map of British and French settlements in North America for Hinton's Universal Magazine. The map has unique horizontal colouration not following any specific region: however, the explanation provided in the text on page 145 and following state the colouration distinguishes several provinces. The uncoloured part of the map contains all the territories held by France. The text further explains ceded territories and treaties. The pricked line from Escondido in the Gulf of Mexico through New Hampshire an the Allegany mountains is what the French prescribe as the boundary of English settlements. Dotted lines appear to represent many features including fishing banks, possible borders, possible routes, and other features. The annotation for some forts have white masking. It is difficult to discern where the map states New France to be, although it is possible that it states all of the area west of Québec to belong to the French; South Carolina is split by Georgia; Port Toulouse in Cape Breton is shown before having its name later changed to St. Peter's; territories of various native tribes are written but not delineated; hachuring is used to show some relief, and the Allegheny subset of the Appalachian Mountains is annotated . The cartouche framing the title is exceedingly elaborate depicting a ship with mast and flag, baskets of flowers, many floral objects, a full second ship, many sails in the distance, trees, birds, and an urn. The inset shows a large scale plan of the French fort (Fort Saint-Frédéric) at Crown Point, New York, with a profile view of the tower.
Although produced originally in outline color, the cartouches have been expertly colored post-publication. Contains information about trading posts around and to the west of Hudson's Bay. Native American regions are also indicated.