Published by the Department of Agriculture for the Information of Intending Settlers, January 12th, 1882. Areas of the map show prospective property grids of approximately 10 sq. km further divided into 36 plots of land. It also shows the locations of First Nations reserves.
The map includes numerous notations giving the reader some historical and environmental context. Examples of these are: "The climate of this land is a great deal more temperate than Hudsons Bay" for an area in western Ontario north of the Lake of the Woods and "Christian Sea discovered by Jn Monk in 1619" on Baffin Bay.
This map presents an early example of a common issue with atlas maps of the 19th century: once the map has been detached from the atlas, it can be every difficult to determine which atlas it actually came from because plates were resold and re-purposed extensively. In this case there seem to be only 2 choices: the ca.1831 Edinburgh geographical and historical atlas published by Daniel Lizar and the ca.1842 Lizars' Edinburgh geographical general atlas published by William H. Lizars (Daniel's son). According to Phillips (761, 782) the plate numbers are even the same. Walter was certain this was the 1842 version and this is likely the case as the outline colour of our map differs from the outline colour of the 1831 map available on the David Rumsey web site.
Relief shown by hachures. The map shows a river connection between Slave Lake and the Pacific through Cook's River. This was a theory expounded by Pond. With first two pages of text, pp 197, 198, from Gentleman's Magazine, titled: "Description of the Country from Lake Superior to Cook's River. Extract of a Letter from someone of Quebec, to a Friend in London. This intriguing map is based on the map and report by Peter Pond in 1787. The map traces the route from Lake Superior to Lake Winnipeg and then through an interconnected chain of lakes and rivers to Arabaska Lake and Slave Lake. The most interesting feature is the speculative river flowing out of Slave Lake, over "falls said to be the largest in the known world," and emptying into Cook Inlet in Alaska, a remarkable journey considering the topography. Pond's map influenced Alexander Mackenzie's quest to find the Northwest Passage in his famous expedition in the region.
Although produced originally in outline color, the cartouches have been expertly colored post-publication. Contains information about trading posts around and to the west of Hudson's Bay. Native American regions are also indicated.