Detailed regional map of Chesapeake and parts of Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Important results of Mason & Dixon's survey of boundaries following a nearly 100 years dispute between Penn and Calvert families.
Scull and Heap's map was originally published in Philadelphia in 1752 by Nicolas Scull. Scull was the first member of an American family to engage in cartography as a business. Apart from his map of Philadelphia, he is also well known for his general map of the province of Pennsylvania, the first of the province to be printed on the North American continent. As a guide, in the lower right hand quadrant there is placed a table of The Distances of particular Places, in this Map; from the Court Houfe. Take note of the entry Merion Meeting N.W. which is identified as being located at 7 miles and 5 furlongs (a surveyors furlong is equal to 660 feet in length). The table of distances below the cartouche has been deleted and new names and roads added. An English map displaying Philadelphia and surrounding area. The city proper is generalized into a street grid, while surrounding farms are labelled by family. A cannon battery resides just south of the city at the entrance of the shipping channel of the Delaware River.
This Revolutionary War map was based on the chart Joshua Fisher made of Delaware Bay in 1756. The Fisher map is considered an important map of the bay and river in the eighteenth century. Joshua Fisher's early chart of Delaware Bay from the Sea-Coast to Reedy-Island was published during the French & Indian War, and was immediately suppressed by the Assembly, fearing that its falling into enemy hands would make Philadelphia a target of the French navy. Identifies the ship channels from Cape May and Cape James up the Delaware River past Salem Mass. Wilmington, Newcastle, and Chester to the small town of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The accompanying text includes an article updating the British public on the war in the colonies. It shows the bay and beyond to Philadelphia complete with place names and the location of navigation hazards along the waterway. Locates Cape May, Turtle Gut Inlet, Cape James, Egg Island, Salem, and much more. Two distance scales and the direction rose with fleur-de-lis orients north to the right. A large discolouration permeates the majority of the map element.